Eye focussing issues

refractive errors

eyes are precious

Refractive errors arise from the misfocusing of light in the eye. Below are the four most common causes of blurred vision - all of these can be corrected by our optometrist with prescription glasses or contact lenses, so you can see clearly again.



also called "short-sightedness" or "near-sightedness"


Myopia is commonly caused by the eye growing slightly too long, so light is mis-focused in front of the retina. The longer the eyeball, the greater the degree of myopia. Myopia typically begins in childhood and worsens in adolescence as the eye grows.

A person with myopia can see close objects clearly, while objects in the distance will appear blurry. A child with myopia may find it hard to see the board at school, while an adult may have trouble seeing signs when driving, or recognising faces from a distance.

Myopia development is influenced by both genetics and environmental factors. Having one or both parents with myopia, and spending a lot of time indoors, reading too close, school work, tablet and computer use all increase the risk of developing myopia.

Myopia is the most common vision problem in children and young adults

And it poses the greatest risks for the long-term health of the eyes.

As we age, our eyes gradually lose flexibility like the rest of our bodies. The lens inside our eyes becomes less elastic and less able to quickly adjust focus. Changing our focus from distance to near, and back, becomes slower. Reading and detailed close-up work becomes increasingly harder.

People with normal distance vision will start to hold their book further away to read more comfortably. Those who are naturally near-sighted may find close reading easier without their long-distance glasses. And farsighted people will find reading at near very difficult and uncomfortable.

Presbyopia tends to occur at around age 45, earlier for some and later for others. Prescription reading glasses will help. Those already wearing glasses for distance, multifocal or bifocal lenses may be the best solution to correct both the long and short distances in a single pair of glasses.

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