Comprehensive Eye Examination
At EMME Visioncare, an eye examination is much more than a simple update of your prescription.
We are committed to providing you with the highest standard of personalised vision care, utilising the latest in eye care technologies, in a professional, relaxed and comfortable environment.
Our optometrists and opticians understand your needs and concerns about your eyesight and eye health.
What to Expect at your Eye Examination
Eye Care For Everyone
At EMME Visioncare, we believe in quality eye care for all.
We are a family optometry practice. We test for all kinds of vision and eye health problems, for both adults and children. Whether you're short-sighted, long-sighted, or have astigmatism. Whether you're 5, 45 or 70.
Even if you have good vision it's still a good idea to have your eye health checked at least every 2 years.
Don't take your vision for granted
While a lot of vision problems are correctable, some vision losses are irreversible. And sometimes vision loss is slow, gradual and without obvious symptoms until it's too late.
The only way to ensure good vision is to have your eyes examined regularly by an eye care professional, so that any potential eye health conditions are detected and treated early.
Good vision is essential for effective learning. Children are often unaware of changes in their eyesight, struggling to see at school without anyone knowing. A baseline eye test is recommended for all children before starting school, and every year thereafter.
Adults can develop vision problems in the distance as well as at near. Regular eye tests at least every 2 years are recommended. Especially if there are any eye diseases that run in your family, such as glaucoma and macular degeneration.
Our eyes change as we age. Cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and other eye conditions can develop as part of the ageing process. For this reason we recommend annual eye tests for people over the age of 60.
Eye Care for Children
EMME Visioncare is committed to providing the best in children's eye care. Our office has been designed to be kids-friendly so that their eye test can be a fun and exciting experience. We have children's eye test charts suitable for kids as young as 2, electronic vision measuring for infants, and a full suite of tests to test young children through to teenagers.
If you have concerns about your child's eyes or eyesight, we can help. Our highly-trained and experienced optometrist can diagnose any eye condition or vision problem that you child may have. When as much as 80% of a child's learning occurs through his or her eyes, having good, comfortable vision from an early age is of vital importance for your kids' natural development, learning and schooling.
For kids with myopia (short-sightedness) that keeps getting worse, we can help slow down or even stop their short-sightedness progression with our individualised, evidence-based treatment program called MyopiaControl.
Your child has your eyes
Many eye problems have a hereditary basis. Problems such as short-sightedness, long-sightedness, astigmatism, eye-misalignment and lazy eyes often run in families. If you have vision problems and wear glasses, your kids have a higher chance of having or developing similar problems too.
It's a good idea to have their eyes tested regularly from an early age even if they don't display any signs or symptoms.
Did you know one in five kids have a vision problem?
And they often don't know it.
When should children have their eyes tested?
We recommend that all children have a comprehensive vision and eye health examination by the age of 5, and regularly through their primary and secondary schooling. Although most young children will have a basic 'vision screening' test carried out by the Health Promotion Board, at around 6 and a half years of age, this screening is not a substitute for a comprehensive eye test by an optometrist. In fact, we have seen some children with significant vision problems that their screening test had failed to detect.
Children are often not aware of changes in their vision and don't complain of blurred vision. That's why many children with vision problems go undetected. So it's important that parents recognise the signs indicating their children may need help with their eyesight. Otherwise these children may start to fall behind in their educational and social development. Some vision issues, if not diagnosed early enough, can lead to a lifetime of poor vision.
As part of our children's vision assessment, we can provide a concise written report on our test findings, any issues found, and our management plan for you to take home, and a copy for your child's teacher at school.
Signs of vision troubles
Squinting their eyes
Frequent eye rubbing or blinking
Short attention span
Sitting too close to the TV
Does not like reading for long
Holding a book too close to their face
Mixing up/skipping words when reading
Closing or covering one eye
Poor eye-hand coordination
Tilting their head
Falling behind in reading and writing
Not achieving significant milestones
Children should be tested annually from the age of 5.
Or earlier and more often if they show any signs of vision problems.
Eye Test Information
More than glasses. That is our philosophy at EMME Visioncare and will always be our approach to your eye care consultation.
Your Eye Care Journey
All our eye examination procedures are performed by our qualified and experienced optometrist. Our tests are tailored specifically to your individual vision and eye care needs.
Arrival for your appointment
We confirm your details for verification purposes.
If you have existing glasses or previous eye report, we measure and analyze them as a reference point for comparison.
We ask you questions to determine the nature of your visit, understand your needs and any particular concerns you may have about your eyes.
Prelimary eye assessment
We begin your eye examination with some preliminary assessments, which include:
Taking an HD digital image of the back of your eyes to check and record your eye health.
Electronic eye focusing and eye shape measurements.
Detailed eye assessment
We throughly test your vision and visual functions. These tests may include:
Measurement of your eyesight & focusing
Testing for short-sight, long-sight & astigmatism
Testing your far-distance and close-up vision
Checking if you require an optical prescription to see clearly
Comparing this result to your current eyewear
Checking your eye movements & eye coordination
Checking your colour vision
Detailed health examination of your eyes to look for signs of:
Cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, diabetes & other eye conditions.
Explanation & recommendations
We spend time explaining the eye examination findings to you so you can better understand any changes that may have occurred in your eyes and why.
Based on the results we make recommendations specific for your visual, lifestyle and eye health needs.
These recommendations may be in the form of vision correction (glasses/contact lenses), eye exercises, additional eye assessments, specific eye treatments, referral to an eye specialist or a follow-up review.
Additional eye assessments
We will advise you if further assessments are required. These additional tests may include:
*Visual field testing to check your peripheral (side) vision in detail.
*Dilated eye examination to thoroughly check the outer edges of your retina.
*Cycloplegic examination for children to completely relax their eyes' focusing.
Corneal topography to precisely measure the shape and contours of your eye surface.
Ocular biometry to measure the length of the eye, to monitor eye growth in children with myopia.
Contact lens assessment & fitting. We have a full range of contact lenses available, including daily disposables, fortnightly/monthly lenses, coloured lenses, astigmatism lenses, specialty rigid gas permeable (RGP) and scleral lenses for keratoconus and irregular corneas, and orthokeratology sleep lenses (Ortho-K).
While we endeavour to complete additional tests on the same day where possible, at times we will need to schedule another visit.
As a dilated eye examination can cause temporarily blurred vision and glare, we recommend no driving for at least 2-3 hours after the consultation. A cycloplegic examination for a child can blur their close-up vision for the rest of the day.
*Tests will be done at a different location
Frame & lens selection and fitting
If new glasses are recommended we can expertly help you with choosing your new eyewear frames and recommending the right lens types, lens materials and options for your needs.
Our optometrist & optician will verify your frame fitting, make adjustments and take precise measurements prior to ordering to ensure you have enjoy the best vision and comfort with your new glasses.
We can also arrange the fitting of new lenses into your glasses if you are happy with your existing eyewear frame. Unlike some practices, we don't charge a premium should you wish to reuse your favourite frame.
Do I Need An Eye Test?
There are plenty reasons why you may need an eye test. Here are a few common reasons.
Routine Eye Check Up
Your eyesight is the most important of your senses. We use our eyes in every moment of our waking hours so it makes good sense to have your eyes checked regularly to ensure you're seeing your best and that your eyes are healthy.
We recommend having your eyes tested at least every 2 years, whether or not you wear glasses, and sooner if you noticed any new issues with your eyes or eyesight since your last visit. Children should be tested annually from the age of 5 as their eyesight can often change more rapidly and they may have vision issues that they are unaware of. Early detection of myopia (short-sightedness) in children gives us the best chance of preventing their eyes from worsening.
As we age, our eyes weaken. Not only do we have more difficult focusing, especially on near objects, but our eye health can also deteriorate. Cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, dry eye and eye floaters are conditions that can commonly occur with age. Some eye changes are slow and may not be noticeable from day to day, but if left undetected can lead to permanent loss of vision.
If you're over the age of 60, it's a good idea to have your eyes checked every year, even if you haven't noticed any eyesight changes. Prevention is better than cure.
Optometrists diagnose and manage blurred vision everyday. Most causes of blurred vision are correctable with glasses and/or contact lenses — these include myopia (short-sightedness), hyperopia (long-sightedness), astigmatism (irregular eye shape) and presbyopia (difficulty focusing with age). These conditions are known as refractive errors. We will give you proper advice on what are the best ways of correcting your blurred vision issues.
There are also causes of blurred vision that are not correctable with a new glasses prescription — these may be related to the health of your eyes and can be serious. If you have experienced any blurred vision we recommend having an eye test as soon as possible.
Harder to read up close
Reading and tasks that involve focusing up close — such as using your phone, threading a needle or fine detailed work — will tend to become harder after the age of 45 in most people. This is called presbyopia and is related to your eye's natural lens becoming less elastic and less able to adjust focus. People who are naturally long-sighted (hyperopic) can often have near focusing difficulties earlier.
Many people buy simple ready-made reading glasses or magnifiers when this happens. While these may work as a temporary solution, you should have your eyes tested to determine if a properly-prescribed pair of reading glasses may be more suitable for your eyes and your visual needs. Accountant readers in some cases can cause eye strain and imbalance between the two eyes.
Eye strain & headaches
If you experience eyestrain symptoms and headaches, you may have eye focusing issues. People who have hyperopia (long-sightedness) are more prone to eyestrain when reading and using a computer, as their eyes are continually focusing harder and the eye focusing muscles become overworked. An eye condition called astigmatism is very common and can result in eyestrain if undiagnosed. Wearing glasses that may be prescribed incorrectly or are no longer appropriate for your eyes can also cause these symptoms.
Red, pink & itchy eyes
A therapeutically-endorsed optometrist, as a primary-level health care practitioner, is the right person to see first if you have a red eye condition. Optometrists are equipped with instruments to check the surface of your eyes to diagnose the cause of your red eye, which may be a case of conjunctivitis, viral infection, eye allergy, dry eyes, inflammation, or other potentially more serious issues. Our optometrist is qualified in ocular therapeutics to prescribe medical treatments for most red eye conditions.
Sore eyes & eye pain
A common cause of sore eyes is dry eyes, which occurs if the tear film layer on the eye is insufficient to continually lubricate the eye surface. We have special technology to evaluate the quality of your tear film to assess for dry eyes, and we can also prescribe treatments for dry eyes. Other causes of sore eyes may be a foreign body in the eye, ingrown lashes, eye infection or eye inflammation. Eye pain can be serious and should be evaluated as soon as possible.
It is not normal to experience double vision. If you have noticed any kind of double vision, particular if it is a new occurrence for you, you should see an optometrist immediately. Recent onset of double vision may be related to a weakness or imbalance in your eye muscles, the nerves that control the eye muscles, or a deeper neurological cause.
Eye floaters & flashes
Eye floaters are tiny grey dots, strings or cobwebs that drift about in your vision as your eyes move. They tend to be more noticeable against a light background, such as the sky or a brightly lit computer screen. Floaters are not uncommon, most people will have a few if they look for them and they tend to occur more with age.
However, if you notice a sudden increase in floaters, or have noticed some momentary flashes of light in your vision or shadows in your peripheral vision, see an eye care professional immediately. These symptoms may be related to a serious eye emergency such as retinal tear or retinal detachment. People with high degrees of short-sightedness (myopia) are at higher risk.
Distortion, haloes & starbursts
These symptoms can be associated with migraines or other eye conditions. If you are experiencing these symptoms for the first time, a comprehensive eye examination is highly recommended. We can also assess your peripheral vision to diagnose any issues involving the visual pathway. Migraines can sometimes also be triggered by eye focusing issues.
Many eye conditions and eye diseases have genetic basis. In children, short-sightedness, long-sightedness and lazy eyes can be hereditary — if you have one of these eye conditions your children should have their first eye test at a younger age (before 3) and be more closely monitored for eyesight changes. In adults, glaucoma, macular degeneration and retinal detachment are known to run in families and we recommend yearly check ups if there is a family history of eye diseases.
General health conditions such as diabetes and hypertension can cause changes within your eyes. We recommend yearly diabetic eye tests for people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes to monitor for potential diabetic retinopathy. Many prescription medications also can cause side effects on the eyes. Your medical doctor may advise you to have more frequent eye test if you have been prescribed medications such as Plaquenil, for rheumatoid arthritis, and corticosteroids.
Renew Driver's Licence
You may have received a letter from Land Transport Authority prompting you to have an eyesight and eye health test to renew your driver's licence for a medical reason. We can assess your eyes in relation to the standards for driving and complete the vision medical examination for you. Our practice is equipped with a color vision and visual acuity compatible with medical guidelines for a driving test.
For more information on fitness to drive, please visit the website here.